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Trả lời câu hỏi so sánh trong part III - Bạn đã biết cách?

Một trong số những loại câu hỏi hay gặp nhất trong phần IELTS Speaking part3, câu hỏi Comparing thường là câu được hỏi thứ nhất hay thứ hai. Bài viết này sẽ hướng dẫn các loại câu hỏi chi tiết trong phần này, hướng dẫn cách trả lời qua các câu ví dụ minh họa.

Có một cách chia tương đối những câu hỏi này thành 3 loại:

 

- So sánh về thời gian

 

     Are houses nowadays, the same as houses 30 years ago in your country?

 

- So sánh về nhóm xã hội

 

     Do men and women like the same types of books?

 

     Do old and young people like the same holidays?

 

- So sánh về địa lý

 

     Are houses in North Vietnam the same as houses in South Vietnam?

 

Hãy xem xét ví dụ sau:

 

Examiner: Do men and women like the same hobbies?

 

Student: I think men and women like different hobbies, for example men are fond of many types of sporting activities such as football and basketball. Also they prefer things like watching action movies and going to bars, but women like hobbies such as shopping, watching TV, singing KTV and chatting online.

 

Đây là một câu trả lời chưa đạt vì chỉ chú trọng nội dung. Khó mà thấy được ngôn ngữ so sánh trong câu trả lời này. Câu trả lời tốt hơn sẽ giống câu sau:

 

Sample answer: Well obviously there are a number of clear differences. However, I guess that the most significant would be that men tend to prefer sporting activities such as football or basketball. Whereas in contrast women prefer things like shopping for clothes. In addition to this, another possible distinction might be that men usually like watching films: while on the other hand, women are more likely to prefer watching soap operas on TV.

 

Câu trả lời bắt đầu với một linking phrase:

 

Well obviously…

Well undoubtedly…

Well clearly…

Well unmistakably…

Sure, without a doubt…

Unquestionably…

 

Có một số sự khác biệt:

 

There are a number of underlying differences here.

There are a variety of possible differences here.

There are a range of potential distinctions here.

 

Điều đầu tiên là:

 

However, I guess that the most significant would be that…

Though I suppose that the most obvious would be that…

But I would say the most fundamental would be that…

 

Phát triển ý trên, ví dụ “…men tend to prefer…” với những từ đơn giản: especially, particularly, in fact, such as, for example, specifically.

 

Cấu trúc so sánh đầu tiên:

 

Whereas on the other hand…

On the contrary…

Though quite the opposite…

 

Giờ thì là khác biệt thứ hai:

 

In addition…

On top of this…

Additionally…

Moreover…

As well as this…

After that…

 

Còn một khác biệt quan trọng khác:

 

…a second key distinction would be that…

…a subsequent contrast could be that…

…a further distinction might be that…

 

Tiếp tục xây dựng câu trả lời như ý đầu:

 

While on the other hand…

Conversely…

Alternatively…

Then again, in opposition…

 

Hai khác biệt là đã đủ cho một câu trả lời IELTS Speaking part 3 và có thể giúp cho bạn đạt số điểm cao nhất trong phần thi này. Bên dưới đây là một câu ví dụ khác về trường hợp so sánh thời gian: quá khứ & hiện tại

 

Examiner: Are there any differences between the types of people who were seen as celebrities in the past and those who are celebrities nowadays?

 

Sample answer: Yes, I think there have been some big changes in the types of people who become famous. In the past, before the invention of television, I suppose there were very few national or international celebrities; maybe kings and queens, military, political and religious leaders were the only household names. With the advent of TV and radio, performers such as actors and musicians became more well-known. However, we now seem to have a completely new breed of celebrity as a result of 'reality' television programmes; these are people who don't really have any special skills as performers, but who are famous for just being

 

Và bây giờ các bạn hãy dành thời gian luyên tập ở nhà thật nhiều dạng câu hỏi so sánh như hướng dẫn gợi ý ở trên để tăng phản xạ và quen dần với cách nói format IELTS speaking nhé ! 

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